10 Mar 2013 Silver coins in leather shoe

Categories: Calendar , Nálezy nejenom s detektorem v západní Evropě

A total of 477 silver coins from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries were discovered by archaeologists nine years ago when they carried out a survey during the renovation of a house that was formerly the town hall in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The coins were hidden in a leather shoe.

The oldest coin found dates back to 1472. The treasure was hidden under the floor in a leather shoe made in the style of the sixteenth century. The size of the treasure was equivalent to two months' wages for a common labourer. According to experts, they were hidden by the owner in this way as a standard way of saving at the time.

Even the leather shoe in which the coins were hidden has been preserved. Experts believe that the treasure was "buried" in 1592 or shortly thereafter. Most of the hoard consists of Dutch nickels or half-halers. There are also English and Spanish coins.

At that time, foreign currency was as usable as local coins. The quality and weight of the silver was decisive. Some of the coins show signs of value testing. They've been pierced to see if they're real silver through and through.

The total value of the hoard in 1592 was about fifty gold pieces. The house where the depot was located served as Rotterdam's town hall after the original old building was destroyed during World War II.

The late sixteenth century, from which the treasure partly dates, was a particularly difficult period for Rotterdam and the rest of the Netherlands. In 1568, seventeen provinces (comprising the whole of the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and parts of France and Germany) revolted against the rule of King Philip II of Spain.

He zealously enforced the so-called edicts in his heavily Protestant territories. These territories were used to the lax attitude of Charles V. The power struggle escalated into violence in 1566 as the population yearned for religious tolerance. Thousands of people, among them nobles of the highest rank, were executed for treason.

William of Orange was to be one of them. But he escaped and led an uprising from Germany. Rotterdam sided with the Protestants in 1572 and joined the Republic of the Seven Dutch Provinces. The disputes continued for many years. According to experts, the coin hoard was hidden during the turmoil in the Netherlands...

Sources: www.archaeology.org, www.dutchnews.nl

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