Roman period – findings



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Římská spona The Roman period is associated with the residence of the Germanic tribes of the Marcomanni and Quadi in our territory. Their names are known thanks to ancient reporters, but archaeology cannot distinguish the findings of each tribe from each other. It is thought that the Markomans inhabited most of Bohemia. In Moravia, both tribes were represented together. The beginning of the Roman period has long been dated in the literature to the beginning of AD. But it has now been pushed back to about 30 BC. It is clear that with the arrival of the Germanic population on our territory the Celtic elites leave Bohemia.
Here their departure to the territory of today's Slovakia is considered. However, a certain part of the land-bound population certainly remained settled on our territory.

Even with the findings it appears that the Germanic people were at a much lower level of cultural development than the local Celtic population. But thanks to contacts with the Roman Empire, this initial handicap is quickly erased.

  • And the Late Latenian period 50/30 BC - 0
  • B1 Older Roman period 0 - 50 AD.
  • B2 Older Roman 50 - 150 AD
  • C1 Younger Roman 150 - 200 AD.
  • C2 Younger Roman 200 - 300 AD
  • C3 Younger Roman 300 - 350 AD

For archaeology, a number of burial sites and settlements remain in our territory from this period. The Germans used the urn rhythm for burials. The ashes were then placed in an ashtray or in a pit together with the remains of unburnt charity. Settlements are formed along watercourses, in most cases on gentle slopes facing south or southeast. At present, there seem to be a greater number of Germanic sites in Bohemia than in Moravia.

The period of Germanic residence in our territory also has one first feature. The first "state unit", the so-called "Marobud's Empire", was formed here. Many scholars have spent a great deal of time searching for the seat of this short-lived state on the border of the Roman Empire. But so far we have no credible evidence that this site has been found.

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